​1st Prize 新たな生活を求めて 

In Search of a New Life Photo by Yannis Behrakis / Reuters

2nd Prize

President Duterte’s bloody anti-drug campaign

Photo by

Daniel BEREHULAK

フィリピン 麻薬取締まり

ダニエル・ベレフラク

Heavy rain pours as the body of victim, Romeo Joel Torres Fontanilla, 37, who was killed by 2 unidentified gunmen riding motorcycles early Tuesday morning lays in an alley on October 11, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines, began his anti-drug campaign when he took office on June 30: since then, over 2,000 people had been slain at the hands of the police alone. Beyond those killed in official drug operations, the Philippine National Police have counted more than 3,500 unsolved homicides since July 1. The victims, suspected users and pushers, are not afforded any semblance of due process, and are killed just about everywhere imaginable ? on the sidewalk, on train tracks, in front of a girls’ school, outside 7-Eleven stores and a McDonald’s restaurant, across bedroom mattresses and living-room sofas. “You can expect 20,000 or 30,000 more.” he said in a statement in October. In December, the President boasted about having personally killed criminal suspects when he was mayor of Davao City. “In Davao, I used to do it personally ? just to show to the guys that if I can do it, why can’t you?” Mr. Duterte told business leaders at a meeting in Manila, explaining how he goaded police officers to gun down suspects. What I experienced in the Philippines felt like a new level of ruthlessness: police officers’ summarily shooting anyone suspected of dealing or even using drugs, vigilantes’ taking seriously Mr. Duterte’s call to “slaughter them all.” The sounds of families mourning their loved ones still echo’s and blood runs through the streets, as long as the “campaign” continues. “They are slaughtering us like animals,” said a bystander at a crime scene, who was afraid to give his name. MANILA, PHILIPPINES

激しい雨の中、横たわるロメオ・ジョエル・トーレス・フォンタニラ(37)の遺体。火曜日の早朝、バイクに乗った2人組の身元不明の殺し屋に殺害された。フィリピンのロドリゴ・ドゥテルテ大統領は2016年6月30日に就任して以来、麻薬対策を進めている。警察によるものだけでも、これまでに2000人以上が殺害された。フィリピン国家警察の発表によると、正式な麻薬対策作戦で殺害されたこれらの人々のほかに、3500人以上が7月1日以降、未解決殺人の被害者になっている。麻薬使用者および密売人と見なされた被害者は、正当な手続きを受けずに、歩道、線路、家の中など、ありとあらゆる場所で殺害されている。「まだ2~3万人増えると思っていい」とドゥテルテ氏は10月に述べた。12月には、ダバオ市長時代に自らの手で犯罪容疑者を殺害したことがあると自慢した。警察官は密売の疑いがある人物、あるいは単に使用の疑いがあるだけの人物でもあっさりと射殺している。麻薬対策が続く中、フィリピンでは家族や友人など大切な人を失った嘆きがいつまでもこだまし、通りに血が流れていく。「俺たちはまるで動物みたいに殺される」。犯行現場に居合わせた人物はそう口にしていた。

フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/11

Scene of The Crime police investigators, SOCO, conduct their investigation as the body of Michael Araja, 29, an alleged drug user lays in front of "sari sari" a local convenience store, after being gunned down in the street by unidentified men in a "riding-in-tandem" killing in the early hours of October 02, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. According to neighbors, two unidentified men on a motorcycle, stopped as Mr Araja, had left his home to buy cigarettes and a drink for his wife, and gunned him down as he stood in front of his local convenience store. This type of murder perpetrated two people on a motorbike, is commonly referred to as a "riding-in-tandem" killing.  MANILA, PHILIPPINES

Scene of the crime police investigators gather evidence in what appeared to be an extra-judicial killing of Frederick Mafe, 48, and Arjay Lumbago, 23, as their bodies lay sprawled in the middle of a street, where they were gunned down by unidentified men in a "riding-in-tandem" killing on October 03, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. According to locals they were shot dead by a man on the back of a bike ridden by another man, as they were driving alongside them.  MANILA, PHILIPPINES

 

コンビニの前に横たわる麻薬使用者と思われるマイケル・アラヤ(29)の遺体を調べる警察官。アラヤはこの日の早朝、身元不明の「2人乗り」の男らに街中で射殺された。近隣住民によると、バイクに乗った2人組は、自分のタバコと妻の飲み物を買おうと家を出たアラヤがコンビニの前に立ち止まったところを銃撃したという。バイクに乗った2人組による殺人は、「2人乗り」殺人として広く知られている。フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/2

Scene of the crime police investigators gather evidence in what appeared to be an extra-judicial killing of Frederick Mafe, 48, and Arjay Lumbago, 23, as their bodies lay sprawled in the middle of a street, where they were gunned down by unidentified men in a "riding-in-tandem" killing on October 03, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. According to locals they were shot dead by a man on the back of a bike ridden by another man, as they were driving alongside them.  MANILA, PHILIPPINES

道路の真ん中に横たわるフレデリック・マフェ(48)とアルイェイ・ルンバゴ(23)の遺体。警察官が現場の証拠を探している。地元住民によるとバイクで2人乗りをした男らに射殺されたという。フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/3

Heavy rain pours as SOCO Police, Scene of the Crime Operatives, investigate inside an alley where victim, Romeo Joel Torres Fontanilla, 37, was killed by 2 unidentified gunmen riding motorcycles early Tuesday morning on October 11, 2016 in Manila, Philippines.  MANILA, PHILIPPINES

激しい雨の中ロメオ・ジョエル・トーレス・フォンタニラ(37)の遺体が横たわる路地で犯行現場の鑑識を行う捜査官。被害者は火曜日の早朝、バイクに乗った身元不明の2人組によって射殺された。フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/11

Jimji, 6, cries in anguish as she screams ""papa"" before funeral parlour workers, move the body of her father, Jimboy Bolasa, 25, (father of two) from the wake at the start of the funeral to Navotas cemetery on October 9, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. On the evening of the 20th of September both Aljon Deparine, 23 and neighbor and friend Jimboy Bolasa, 25, were found murdered. The police claim the boys were alleged drug dealers. According to family members, they were surrenderee's, around 5.30pm unidentified men forcefully dragged the two boys from their homes, put them in between riders on motorbikes and abducted them. Less than an hour later, their beaten bodies, with signs of torture and gunshot wounds were dumped under a nearby bridge. One week later Aljon's brother Danilo was also found executed and his body dumped under a nearby bridge. President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines, began his anti-drug campaign when he took office on June 30: since then, over 2,000 people had been slain at the hands of the police alone. Beyond those killed in official drug operations, the Philippine National Police have counted more than 3,500 unsolved homicides since July 1. The victims, suspected users and pushers, are not afforded any semblance of due process, and are killed just about everywhere imaginable ? on the sidewalk, on train tracks, in front of a girls’ school, outside 7-Eleven stores and a McDonald’s restaurant, across bedroom mattresses and living-room sofas. “You can expect 20,000 or 30,000 more.” he said in a statement in October. In December, the President boasted about having personally killed criminal suspects when he was mayor of Davao City. “In Davao, I used to do it personally ? just to show to the guys that if I can do it, why can’t you?” Mr. Duterte told business leaders at a meeting in Manila, explaining how he goaded police officers to gun down suspects.

What I experienced in the Philippines felt like a new level of ruthlessness: police officers’ summarily shooting anyone suspected of dealing or even using drugs, vigilantes’ taking seriously Mr. Duterte’s call to “slaughter them all.” The sounds of families mourning their loved ones still echo’s and blood runs through the streets, as long as the “campaign” continues. “They are slaughtering us like animals,” said a bystander at a crime scene, who was afraid to give his name. MANILA, PHILIPPINES

葬儀を控えた通夜で、葬儀会社の職員を前に父親ジムボーイ (25)の遺体を揺さぶりながら「パパ」と泣き叫ぶジムジ(6)。9月20日の夜、ジムボーイは友人と2人で殺害されていた。警察は2人が麻薬の密売人の疑いがあったと主張している。家族によると、2人は自首していたが、午後5時30分ごろ身元不明の男らに無理やり家から引きずり出された後、バイクで誘拐されたという。その後、銃撃の痕が残った死体が近くの橋の下で見つかった。フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/9

Inmates watch as drug suspects are processed inside a police station on October 12, 2016 in Manila, Philippines.

警察署内で麻薬犯罪容疑者が手続きを受ける様子を見る受刑者たち。フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/12

Inmates sleep on a basketball court in an overcrowded prison where inmates take turns to sleep on any available spaces at Quezon City Jail, one of the country's most congested jails on October 19, 2016 in Quezon City, Philippines.

定員超過の刑務所でバスケットボールのコートを寝床にする受刑者たち。国内で最も収容者が多いケソン市刑務所では、受刑者が交代で空いた場所を寝床にしている。フィリピン・ケソン、2016/10/19

Scene of the Crime police investigators, Police collate a report on the buy bust operation against Ronald Kalau, that left him dead on October 24, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. Police claim the man drew a 0.38 calibre hand gun when he sensed something was wrong with the alleged purchase of methamphetamine. The police gunned him down. According to neighbors the house was being used as a drug den. MANILA, PHILIPPINES

犯行現場で死亡したロナルド・カラウに対するおとり捜査の報告書の照合をする捜査官。警察は、メタンフェタミンの売買を行おうとしたカラウが異変に気づき、拳銃を取り出したため射殺したと主張している。近くの住民によると、その家は麻薬の取引場として使用されていたという。フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/24

Funeral parlour workers carry away the body of Edwin Mendoza Alon Alon, 36, nicknamed Bato, killed by an unknown gunman, on the road in front of a 7 Eleven store in Tambo on October 18, 2016 in Manila, Philippines.

葬儀会社の職員に運ばれる遺体。殺害された男は、セブン・イレブンの前の路上で身元不明の男に射殺された。フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/18

Blood stains are seen on the living room floor where Florjohn Cruz, 34, was gunned down by Police on October 19, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. According to the Police report, ?Suspect Cruz ran inside the house then pulled a firearm and successively shot the lawmen prompting the same to return fire in order to prevent and repel Cruz’s unlawful aggression. As a result, Cruz was gunned down.? †Like many casualties in President Duterte's war on drugs, eyewitnesses tell a very different story, contrary to the official police reports. The suspect, was recorded as resisting arrest by fighting back - "Nanlaban" (he fought it out) with a .38 calibre pistol, another all too common detail of this war. (police use excessive force and use the "Nanlaban" as a defence in order to neutralize targets)  While there was a sameness to the killing of Florjohn, 34, as to the hundreds of others in recent months, one detail was different. There was a cardboard sign calling him "a pusher and an addict"  Florjohn had surrendered months earlier, admitting drug addiction and promising to put an end to the abuse, part of a government amnesty program meant to protect addicts. But that Wednesday night, October 19th, as he was fixing a broken transistor radio for his 71-year-old mother, the police shot him to death. His niece said they found the message as they were cleaning the blood from the floor near the family's altar: ?Pusher at Adik Wag Tularan (Don’t be a pusher and an addict like him).? Such messages are often found attached to the bodies of those killed in summary executions, unofficial murders that the government claims they have nothing to do with. They are a warning, left by supposed vigilantes, to strike fear into those who would use or sell drugs. But the operation against Florjohn was not a vigilante action. It was a sanctioned police operation. I couldn't help but feel that the authorities, tasked with so much killing, were getting sloppy in their efforts to conceal their involvement in possible extrajudicial killings.

家の中で警察に射殺されたフロリオン・クルーズ(34)の血溜まり。警察の調書によると、クルーズ容疑者は家に駆け込んで銃を取り出し、警官を銃撃したため、クルーズの違法な攻撃を抑え込むため警察も反撃したという。その結果、クルーズは射殺されたということだが、目撃者からは警察の公式調書とはまったく異なる証言が得られたのだという。

フィリピン・マニラ​、2016/10/19

The bodies Erika Angel Fernandez, 17, and Jericho Camitan, 21, (unseen )lay in an street a few hours after they were gunned down by masked unidentified men in the early hours of October 26, 2016 in Quezon City, Philippines. 

道端に横たわるエリカ・エンジェル・フェルナンデス(17)の遺体。数時間前、覆面をした身元不明の男らに射殺された。

フィリピン・ケソン、2016/10/26

Nellie Diaz, cries over the body of her late husband, Crisostomo Diaz,  killed by unknown gunmen earlier in the night, as they sit in the back of a funeral parlour vehicle  on October 20, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. Nellie said Crisostomo surrendered as soon as Duterte won the election. But when she started noticing that not only addicts and users were being targeted but also those who had surrendered. she deemed it unsafe for her husband to sleep at home. She told him to stay with his relatives. He did, at first. But he missed his family and eventually returned home.  Like many of those targeted, he lived a complicated life, sometimes colored with regret. His wife was the bread-winner. Crisostomo only ever worked intermittently, doing odd jobs like varnishing wooden cabinets. He grew up in the neighborhood, and everyone knew him. They knew him as a user, though, never as a drug dealer. His family believed he had changed after surrendering. He had 9 children. But a few weeks after returning home, a man wearing a motorcycle helmet kicked in the family’s front door. Two others followed behind. Nellie wasn’t home when the gunmen bust in. The man in the helmet pointed a gun at Crisostomo. Another man held a piece of paper, while the third pointed a gun at Jhon Rex, 15, Cristosomo’s son.  The man in the helmet said  “goodbye my friend,” before shooting Crisostomo in his chest. Crisostomo crumpled. He turned to his 4 children, who had been sleeping next to him, and was shot two more times by the man, in the head and cheeks. The 3 men left laughing. MANILA, PHILIPPINES

葬儀会社の車の中で、射殺された夫クリソストモの遺体を前に泣き崩れるネリー・ディアス。ネリーによると、夫はドゥテルテが選挙に勝利した直後に自首したが、麻薬中毒者や使用者だけでなく自首した者も麻薬対策作戦の対象になっていることが後になってわかった。ネリーは夫に親戚の家に身を寄せるように言い、そのようにしていたが、家族が恋しくなり戻ってきた。これまで妻が生活費を稼ぎ、夫は木製の棚にワックスをかける仕事をたまにするという生活を送っていた。夫はこの地区で生まれ育ち、麻薬使用者ではあったが、密売人ではなかったとまわりの人々は知っていた。9人の子どもがいて、家族は自首した後、彼が変わってくれると信じていた。しかし、自宅に戻って数週間後、バイク用のヘルメットをかぶった男がドアを蹴破って押し入り、さらに2人の男が押しかけてきた。男らが押しかけた時、妻のネリーは外出中で、ヘルメットの男がクリソストモに銃を向けた。別の男が紙を取り出し、3人目の男が息子のジョン・レックス(15)に銃を向けた。ヘルメットの男は「じゃあな」といってクリソストモの胸を撃ち、クリソストモは倒れ込んだ。隣で寝ていた4人の子どもの方を向いた時、同じ男に頭と胸をさらに2発撃たれた。3人の男は、笑いながら家を去った。フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/20

Funeral parlour workers move the body of Danilo Deparine, 36, executed on September 27, in a funeral parlor on October 11, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. The family lost their youngest son, Aljon on the 20th of September, 2016 taken by a group of plain clothed unidentified men wearing masks. His body was later found under a bridge a short time later, dead, his body tortured, beaten and shot multiple times. The family had to pay 50,000 pesos to the funeral parlour for the funeral and wake, a huge expense for such a poor family. A week later their oldest son Danilo was also killed. The family, broke from paying for the first funeral is struggling to come up with the 12,000 pesos needed for a quick burial for Danilo. If the family can't come up with the money within 90 days of the death, they will have no other option than to have Danilo buried as a mass burial for a lesser cost. Photo by Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

遺体安置所で9月27日に処刑されたダニーロ・デパリーン(36)の遺体を動かす葬儀会社の職員。ダニーロは9月20日に末の息子アリオンを身元不明の男たちに殺害されたばかりだった。遺体はしばらく後に橋の下で見つかり、殴られ、拳銃で数発撃たれた跡があった。フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/11

Family and friends attend the funeral of Rufino Jumaquio, 52, also known as Joselito, killed by a group of unidentified men and one woman in front of the family home, resisting arrest in an alleged shoot out, which neighbours deny, on October 12, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. According to neighbors, at 9pm, at least 15 unidentified plain clothed police wearing masks, descended over the close railway side community quickly and silently. Roel, 13, Joselito’s nephew, was playing a video game with his uncle in small stall when the men grabbed his uncle and handcuffed him. They dragged the powerless pedicab driver towards the alleyway behind the stall and shouted at residents still gathered to go back into their homes and to turn their lights off. The residents then only reported what they heard. A woman’s voice shouted “He’s fighting it out,” or Nanlaban, a term used in many police reports to justify the use of lethal force. Two shots rang out - then 4 more. After the group left, neighbors discovered Joselito’s bloodied body, a gun placed next to his handcuffed hands and a white plastic bag with methamphetamine. According to police, this was a legitimate buy bust operation where the handcuffed target drew a .38 calibre handgun and then, "Sensing that his life was in serious danger, the lawman was constrained to fire back in order to protect his life against the armed aggressor." After the men left they found Joselito handcuffed and found his body with a gun was placed next to him and a white plastic bag full of narcotics placed on his dead body. Elisa, Joselito’s wife, arrived at the scene and started to confront police when she found out the news. Family and friends tried to restrain her but she continued. An angry crowd of residents gathered and started shouting at the police."We curse you,” they yelled, citing the countless times those arrested have been killed on the grounds that they were fighting back. “You have no pity. We are poor, and we are alone. We hope we can find allies.” Family and neighbors maintain that Joselito never owned a gun and was targeted due to his being a surrenderee. MANILA, PHILIPPINES

ルフィノ・ユマキオ(52)の葬儀に参列する家族と友人。ユマキオは、自宅の前で身元不明の男女のグループに殺害された。

フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/12

Relatives grieve at scene of the crime police investigators gather evidence in what appeared to be an extra judicial killing of Frederick Mafe, 48, and Arjay Lumbago, 23, as their bodies lay sprawled in the middle of a street, where they were gunned down by unidentified men in a "riding-in-tandem" killing on October 03, 2016 in Manila, Philippines. According to locals they were shot dead by a man on the back of a bike ridden by another man, as they were driving alongside them. MANILA, PHILIPPINES

フレデリック・マフェ(48)とアルイェイ・ルンバゴ(23)の死を嘆く肉親たち。道路の真ん中に横たわる遺体は、身元不明の「2人乗り」の男らによって銃殺された。地元住民によると、バイクの後ろに乗っていた男が2人の横を走り抜けながら銃撃したという。フィリピン・マニラ、2016/10/3